Ten Things you should know about the Zika virus

Suddenly the entire world is stormed by another “dangerous” virus and the scare wave begins in the nation. Find out what you need to know about this below.

  1. The Zika virus is a mosquito-borne disease, that is transmitted when a contaminated person is bit by a mosquito and then it bites you. Not every mosquito, but only a female Aedes aegypti can cause the illness. These are the hushed mosquitoes that bite during the day (mornings late afternoons and evenings), are bigger than the male mosquitoes and are trained to attack humans in our own houses.
  2. Countries or areas exposes to the virus should be avoided. Escape from mosquito infestation near your residence and at work. But the latest development also has it, that it can be sexually sent from an affected person.
  3. An illness from the Zika virus affects only 1 in 5 people who may notice a feeling of apathy with joint pains, head ache, pink eye (conjunctivitis) and red, itchy rashes all over the body. This might or might not include fever but fever-like symptoms like body malaise maybe present. Theses may last for 2-7 days if and when present.
  4. The Zika virus can be detected via PCR testing in blood, but this may be difficult to seclude since it resembles the Dengue and other flavi viruses. Diagnosis is only via doctor’s trace and the history, including travel to exposed areas.
  5. Pregnant women are most at risk, because in them the virus inhabits in the brains of babies and causes serious birth defect like a small head (microchephaly) and brain damage (mental retardation). Therefore, care is advised when travelling to endemic areas, or when pregnant women are exposed to mosquito-prone areas. Sidestep bites and watch out for any signs of the infection. Better yet, avoid pregnancy for the next one year.
  6. Indian however have already been exposed to this much earlier and hence in most of us it is possible to fight it off yes indeed. This is because of the 1952 breakout that affected the population and could’ve led to a passive immunity up to this generation.
  7. No vaccine has yet released, though India is in the testing phase to make 2 forms of active and inactive vaccines preventing it, so the only way to avoid a transmission would be to avoid a mosquito bite.
  8. Ways to avoid this would be to wear fully covered pants and long-sleeved shirts, socks and guard against bites with a mosquito-repellent cream or vaporizers.
  9. Sleep in closed rooms, with windows and doors shut and use mosquito nets if in the open. Get rid of breeding spaces for mosquitoes like standing water in buckets or pots because mosquitoes settle eggs in walls of wet objects, which can hatch in a week and mature.
  10. A single mosquito can cause an epidemic in your community by laying eggs of infected larvae. Death are rare by this, hospitalization also may not be required. Particularly patients infected do not even realized they are carrying the virus since it does not produce any symptoms.

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